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高盛财经汉英词典(下)doc149-23


条例 G

条例 M

Regulation M

条例 Q 条例 T

Regulation Q

Regulation T

条例 U

Regulation U

144A 条例

Rule 144A

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证券 Security An instrument representing ownership (stocks), a debt agreement (bonds), or the rights to ownership (derivatives). 1. A legal term describing a partnership wherein individual decisions are binding against all parties involved and thus undivided. 2. A term used in underwriting syndicates to refer to the distinct responsibility of individual companies to sell a certain portion of unsold new issue. A provisions in a bond indenture or loan agreement that puts the borrower in default if the borrower defaults on another obligation. risk that influences a large number of assets. Government spending policies that influence macroeconomic conditions. These policies affect tax rates, interest rates, and government spending, in an effort to control the economy. A strategy where an investor isolates a certain amount of money from any outside risk. It is mainly used by offshore investors. The branch or division of a company that creates profits individually and separately from the main organization. A plan wherein the employees get a share in the profits of the company. The company decides what portion of the profit will be shared. Each employee then receives, into an account, a percentage of those profits based on their earnings. There are typically restrictions as to when and how you can withdraw these funds without penalties. A stock or other security that is trading below its presumed value. The length of time required to recover the cost of an investment. Calculated as: Cost of Project

连带、共同

Jointly and Severally

连带违约

Cross Default

系统性风险 财政政策

Systematic Risk Fiscal Policy

围栏策略

Ring Fence

利润中心

Profit Center

利润分成计划

Profit Sharing Plan

估值不足

Undervalued

投资回收期

Payback Period

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Annual Cash Inflows All other things being equal, the better investment is the one with the shorter payback period. 投资回报率 ROI The profit or loss resulting from an investment transaction, usually expressed as an annual percentage return. The profit or loss resulting from an investment transaction, usually expressed as an annual percentage return. 1. The charge for the privilege of borrowing money, typically expressed as an annual percentage rate. 2. The amount of ownership a stockholder has in a company, usually expressed as a percentage. 1. The difference between prices at which a market maker can buy and sell a security. 2. The percentage by which an asset's market value is reduced for the purpose of calculating capital requirement, margin, and collateral levels. A group of assets, such as stocks, bonds, and mutuals, that are held by an investor. To reduce their risk, investors tend to hold more than just a single stock or other asset. Income from investments, including dividends, interest, royalties, and capital gains. The person responsible for the investment of a mutual fund's assets, implementing its investment strategy, and managing the day-to-day portfolio trading. A method of hedging a portfolio of stocks against the market risk by short selling stock index futures. The art and science of making decisions about: investment mix and policy, matching investments to objectives, asset allocation for individuals and institutions, and balancing risk vs. performance.

投资回报率

Return On Investment (ROI)

利息、权益

Interest

估值折扣

Haircut

投资组合

Portfolio

投资组合收入

Portfolio Income

投资组合经理

Portfolio Manager

投资组合保险

Portfolio Insurance

投资组合管理

Portfolio Management

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投资性房地产 Investment Real Estate Cash Flow Return on Investment (CFROI) Real estate that generates income.

投资的现金流回报

A valuation model that assumes the stock market sets prices based on cash flow, not on corporate performance and earnings. Cash Flow
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Market Value of Capital Employed 投资环境 Investment Climate The general economic conditions affecting the financial markets. A department, present in most medium to large public companies, that provides investors with an accurate account of the affairs of the company. This helps investors to make informed buy or sell decisions. A department, present in most medium to large public companies, that provides investors with an accurate account of the affairs of the company. This helps investors to make informed buy or sell decisions. The amount of a security either owned (long position) or borrowed (short position) by an individual or by a dealer. A round of financing where investors purchase stock from a company at a lower valuation than the valuation placed upon the company by earlier investors. A high-yield debt instrument that is usually insurance linked and meant to raise money in case of a catastrophe such as a hurricane or earthquake. It has a special condition that states that if the issuer (insurance or reinsurance company) suffers a loss from a particular predefined catastrophe, then the issuer's obligation to pay interest and/or repay the principal is either deferred or completely forgiven. A calculation used to determine the quality of a company. The general definition for ROIC is as follows: Net Income - Dividends
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