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高盛财经汉英词典(下)doc149-24


投资者关系部

IR

投资者关系部

Investor Relations

投资持有量

Position

估值较低的一次融资

Down Round

灾难债券

Catastrophe Bond

投资资金回报率

Return On Investment Capital (ROIC)

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Total Capital 投资资金回报率 ROIC A calculation used to determine the quality of a company. The general definition for ROIC is as follows: Net Income - Dividends
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Total Capital 利润预警 Profit Warning When a company advises its earnings won't meet analyst expectations. An indicator of profitability, It is calculated as net earnings after taxes divided by revenues. Profit margin is usually displayed as a percentage. A financial intermediary that performs a variety of services. This includes underwriting, acting as an intermediary between an issuer of securities and the investing public, facilitating mergers and other corporate reorganizations, and also acting as a broker for institutional clients.

利润率

Profit Margin

投资银行

IB (Investment Bank)

投资情绪指标

Sentiment Indicator A general term used to describe indicators that gauge investor attitudes towards the market. Investment Bank A financial intermediary that performs a variety of services. This includes underwriting, acting as an intermediary between an issuer of securities and the investing public, facilitating mergers and other corporate reorganizations, and also acting as a broker for institutional clients. A person representing a financial institution that is in the business of raising capital for corporations and municipalities. The amount of net income used in calculating income tax. The portion of a sale that is liable to taxation. 1. In the case of a stock, a firm that has a strong balance sheet, considerable capitalization, and is recognized as a leader in its industry.

投资银行

投资银行家

Investment Banker

应课税收入

Taxable Income

应课税收益 投资等级

Taxable Gain Investment Grade

投资媒体 投资缩减

Investment Vehicle Disinvestment

In general, any method by which to invest. 1. Refers to the sale or liquidation of an asset

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or subsidiary of an organization or government. Also known as divestiture. 2. A reduction in capital expenditure, or when a company decides to not replace depleted capital goods. 投资 Investing The act of committing money or capital to an endeavor (a business, project, real estate, etc.) with the expectation of obtaining an additional income or profit. An asset or item with value that is purchased for income or capital appreciation. 1. A person making investment recommendations in return for a flat fee or percentage of assets managed, known as a commission. 2. For mutual fund companies, it is the individual who has the day-to-day responsibility of investing and monitoring the cash and securities within the fund's portfolio in order to achieve the fund's objectives. The same as net income, it is the company's total earnings less expenses. The process of determining the current worth of an asset. A theory that the interest rate differential between two countries is equal to the differential between the forward exchange rate and the spot exchange rate. The right of a stockholder to vote on matters of corporate policy making as well as on who will compose the board of directors. A reference in accounting to all costs not including or related to direct labor, materials, or administration costs When an investor is forced to repurchase shares because the seller did not deliver the securities in a timely fashion, or did not deliver them at all. A strategy that matches the durations of assets

投资

Investment

投资顾问

Investment Advisor

利润

Profit

估值

Valuation

利率平价理论

Interest Rate Parity

投票权

Voting Right

间接成本

Overhead

补偿买进

Buy-In

利率变动风险防范

Immunization

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and liabilities, thereby minimizing the impact of interest rates on the net worth. 投票股票 Voting Shares Shares that give the stockholder the right to vote on matters of corporate policy making as well as who will compose the members of the board of directors. A trust legally created in order to combine the voting power of shareholders through the transference of legal title and voting rights to a designated trustee for a set duration. A contractual agreement detailing the specifics of the voting trust, including the name of its trustee, the effective timeframe, and the nature of its formation. A short-term investor or day trader who buys pre IPO shares, swiftly spinning them out into public markets for a quick profit. The monthly effective rate paid (or received if you are a creditor) on borrowed money. Expressed as a percentage of the sum borrowed. When a company is going through hard times and, as a result, the market value of its securities or assets fall substantially in value. A deal between banks or companies where borrowers switch floating-rate loans for fixed rate loans in another country. These can be either the same or different currencies. An annual list of the 500 largest companies in the United States. The list is compiled using the most recent figures for revenue. Raising of capital via private rather than public placement. The result is the sale of securities to a relatively small number of investors. A non-binding agreement setting forth the basic terms and conditions under which an investment will be made. A term used to describe the over-the-counter trading of forward contracts. A cash market transaction in which delivery of the

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