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高盛财经汉英词典(下)doc149-27


货币流量

Money Flow

货币流量指数

Money Flow Index (MFI)

金手铐

Golden Handcuffs

货币掉期

Currency Swap

货币期权

Currency Option

货币期货

Currency Futures

卖方寡头垄断

Oligopsony

货币管理外包

Currency Overlay

转让

Assignment

卖出

Sell

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股东 Shareholder Any person, company, or other institution that owns at least 1 share in a company. A shareholder may also be referred to as a stockholder. An expense that an individual incurs for either business or personal usage. These expenses are tax deductible. A designation by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants for those who pass an exam and meet work-experience requirements. A designation by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants for those who pass an exam and meet work-experience requirements. The value of total exports minus the value of total imports. A balance sheet item that would include items such as remaining leases, future employee benefits, deferred taxes, and other obligations that do not currently require interest payments. A hedging strategy used in futures markets whereby the sale of futures contracts are meant to offset a long underlying commodity position. Cash required in a given period for the repayment of interest and principal of a debt. A contractual right giving investors holding restricted stock the ability to demand that the issuing company register the shares to the SEC, effectively making the stock available for sale to the public. The return that stockholders require for a company. The traditional formula is the dividend capitalization model: A measure of a corporation's profitability, calculated as: A measure of a corporation's profitability, calculated as: Net Income
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实付开支

Out of Pocket Expenses

注册公共会计师

CPA

注册公共会计师

Certified Public Accountant

净出口值

Net Exports

其他长期负债

Other Long Term Liabilities

卖出对冲

Selling Hedge

还本付息

Debt Service

注册权

Registration Right

股本成本

Cost of Equity

股本回报率

Return On Equity (ROE) ROE

股本回报率

Shareholder's Equity The ROE is useful in comparing the profitability of a company to other firms in the same industry.

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股东权益 Shareholders Equity A firms total assets minus its total liabilities, or equivalently, share capital plus retained earnings minus treasury shares. It is the amount of the company that is financed through common and preferred shares. Shareholder Value Transfer (SVT) A measurement of the amount of shareholders' equity flowing out of a company to its executives through exercised stock options. A payment to an owner for the use of property, especially patents, copyrighted works, franchises, or natural resources. A professional designation given by the Association for Investment Management and Research (AIMR) that measures the competence and integrity of financial analysts. Candidates are required to pass three levels of exams covering areas such as accounting, economics, ethics, money management, and security analysis.

股东价值转移

使用权税、专利权税

Royalty

注册财务分析师

CFA

注册财务分析师

Chartered Financial A professional designation given by the Analyst (CFA) Association for Investment Management and Research (AIMR) that measures the competence and integrity of financial analysts. Candidates are required to pass three levels of exams covering areas such as accounting, economics, ethics, money management, and security analysis. Market Exposure The amount an individual or mutual fund has invested in the stock market, usually calculated as a percentage. An advisor, registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission, who manages the investments of others. The portion of a corporation's equity obtained from issuing shares in return for cash or other considerations. An added charge, cost, or tax. 1. The total return of a stock to an investor (capital gain plus dividends). 2. The internal rate of return of all cash flows to an investor during the holding period of an

股市投资比率

注册投资顾问

Registered Investment Advisor (RIA) Share Capital

股本金

附加费 股东总回报

Surcharge Total Shareholder Return

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investment. 其他流动负债 Other Current Liabilities A balance sheet entry used by companies to group together current liabilities that are not assigned to common liabilities such as debt obligations or accounts payable. A balance sheet item that includes the value of non-cash assets like prepaid expenses and accounts receivable due within one year. Bonds that are issued in a domestic market by a foreign entity, in the domestic market's currency. An illegal practice whereby investors attempt to push the price of a stock lower by taking large short positions and spreading unfavorable rumors about the target firm. A value-based performance measure of a company's worth to shareholders. The basic calculation is net operating profit after tax (NOPAT) minus the cost of capital from the issuance of debt and equity, based on the company's weighted average cost of capital (WACC). An option is at-the-money if the strike price of the option equals the market price of the underlying security. For a call option, in-the-money is when the option's strike price is below the market price of the underlying stock. For a put option, in-the-money is when the strike price is above the market price of the underlying stock. The money an investor has available to buy securities. In a margin account, the buying power is the total cash held in the brokerage account plus maximum margin available. A person legally appointed and authorized to hold assets in trust for another person. The fiduciary manages the assets for the benefit of the other person rather than for his/her own profits. An individual or company's total earnings, reflecting revenues adjusted for costs of doing

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