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高盛财经汉英词典(下)doc149-5


天使投资者

Angel Investor

开放性信贷

Open End Credit

无抵押贷款

Unsecured Loan

无抵押债权人

Unsecured Creditor A person or institution that lends money to a company or individual without holding collateral on the property for security. This puts the creditor in a higher risk situation Open-End Fund A mutual fund that continues to sell shares to investors, and will buy back shares when investors wish to sell The leading and most respected index of Japanese stocks. The total value of sales orders waiting to be fulfilled. The antitrust laws apply to virtually all industries and to every level of business, including manufacturing, transportation, distribution, and marketing. They prohibit a variety of practices that restrain trade. Examples of illegal practices are price-fixing conspiracies, corporate mergers likely to reduce the competitive vigor of particular markets, and predatory acts designed to achieve or maintain monopoly power. An income tax that takes the same percentage of income from everyone regardless of how much (or little) an individual earns.

开放性基金

日经指数

Nikkei

订单积压

Backlog

反垄断法

Anti-trust

比例税

Proportional Tax

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An intergovernmental organization dedicated to 石油输出国组织、 欧佩 Organization of Petroleum Exporting the stability and prosperity of the petroleum 克 Countries (OPEC) market. OPEC membership is open to any country that is a substantial exporter of oil and shares the ideals of the organization. 分拆 Demerger A corporate strategy to sell off subsidiaries or divisions of a company. A new, independent company created through selling or distributing new shares for an existing part of another company. The division of a company's existing stock into more shares. In a 2-for-1 split, each stockholder would receive an additional share for each share formerly held. Method of budgeting in which activities that incur costs in each function of an organization are established and relationships are defined between activities. This information is then used to decide how much resource should be allocated to each activity. Using an activity-based costing system to improve the operations of an organization. The negative impact a new product has on the sales performance of a company's existing, related products. For brokerage firms, when a broker puts commissioned products into a fee-based account. The broker makes money from both the client and the commission. A tax law that results in the same earnings being subjected to taxation twice. A company's income is taxed initially and then the shareholders and investors are taxed on the distributions they receive from the company. A slang term for the division within a brokerage firm that prevents insider information from being handed out by corporate advisers to investment traders.

分拆

Spinoff

分股

Stock Split

以活动为基础的预算 案

Activity Based Budgeting

以活动为基础的管理

Activity Based Management Market Cannibilization

互相争夺市场

双重收费

Double Dipping

双重征税

Double Taxing

长城

Chinese Wall

风险价值

Value at Risk (VAR) A technique for estimating the probability of portfolio losses exceeding some specified price.

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不能变现 Illiquid An asset or security that cannot be converted into cash very quickly (or near prevailing market prices). The increase in value of an asset. The chance that an investment's actual return will be different than expected. This includes the possibility of losing some or all of the original investment. It is usually measured using the historical returns or average returns for a specific investment. The money that a person allocates to investments in high risk securities A stated requirement of liquid reserves placed upon banks and institutions that deal in risky ventures.

升值 风险

Appreciation Risk

风险资本

Risk Capital

风险资本要求

Risk Based Capital Requirement

无追索权债务

Non-Recourse Debt A loan that is secured by some sort of collateral, usually property. The issuer can seize the collateral if the borrower defaults. Non-Recourse Finance A loan where the lending bank is only entitled to repayment from the profits of the project the loan is funding, not from other assets of the borrower. The degree of uncertainty that an investor can handle in regards to a negative change in the value of their portfolio. In portfolio theory and capital budget analysis, the rate necessary to determine the present value of an uncertain or risky stream of income; it is the risk-free rate (generally the return on short-term U.S. Treasury securities)plus a risk premium that is based on an analysis of the risk characteristics of the particular investment or project A measure of how much risk a fund or portfolio assumed to earn its returns. This is usually expressed as a number or a rating. In financial analysis, riskier projects and investments must be evaluated differently from their riskless counterparts. By discounting risky cashflows against less risky cashflows RAROC accounts for changes in the profile of the investment.

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