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高盛财经汉英词典(下)doc149-8


A calculation of a firm's cost of capital that weights each category of capital proportionately. Included in the WACC calculation are all capital sources including: common stock, preferred stock, bonds, and any other long term debt. WACC is calculated by multiplying the cost of each capital component by its proportional weighting and then summing:

Where: Re = cost of equity Rd = cost of debt E = the market value of the firm's equity D = the market value of the firm's debt V=E+D E/V = percentage of financing that is equity D/V = percentage of financing that is debt Tc = the corporate tax rate 加权平均资本成本 Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) A calculation of a firm's cost of capital that weights each category of capital proportionately. Included in the WACC calculation are all capital sources including: common stock, preferred stock, bonds, and any other long term debt. WACC is calculated by multiplying the cost of each capital component by its proportional weighting and then summing:

Where: Re = cost of equity Rd = cost of debt E = the market value of the firm's equity

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D = the market value of the firm's debt V=E+D E/V = percentage of financing that is equity D/V = percentage of financing that is debt Tc = the corporate tax rate 可买回优先股 Callable Preferred Stock A type of preferred stock that carries the provision that the issuer has the right to call in the stock at a certain price and retire it. A bond that can be redeemed by the issuer prior to its maturity. Usually a premium is paid to the bond owner when the bond is called. The difference between the option value and the intrinsic value. 1. The current quoted price at which investors buy or sell a share of common stock or a bond at a given time. 2. Sometimes referred to as total market value, the market capitalization plus the market value of debt. A family of indexes that measures the average change over time in selling prices received by domestic producers of goods and services. PPIs measure price change from the perspective of the seller.

可买回债券

Callable Bond

外在价值

Extrinsic Value

市场价值

Market Value

生产价格指数

Producer Price Index (PPI)

本年迄今

Year To Date (YTD) The period beginning January 1st of the current year up until today's date YTD The period beginning January 1st of the current year up until today's date A marketing term describing the aggregating of prospective buyers into groups (segments) that have common needs and will respond similarly to a marketing action A speculative market or stock in which the values rise very rapidly and then fall sharply. An index that focuses on days where the volume has significantly increased from the previous day's trading.

本年迄今

市场细分

Market Segmentation

市场泡沫

Bubble

正交易量指数

Positive Volume Index (PVI)

以价值为基础的定价

Value-Based Pricing A pricing strategy whereby a product's price is actively dependant upon its demand.

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可交换证券 Exchangeable Security A security that grants its holder the right to exchange it for the common stock of a firm other than the issuer. Purchasing and selling the same security at the same time in different markets to take advantage of a price difference between the two separate markets.

市场套利

Market Arbitrage

可交换债务

Exchangeable Debt Similar to convertibles, except this type of debt can be converted into the shares of a company other than the issuer (usually a subsidiary). Growth At A Reasonable Price (GARP) GARP investing combines the two successful strategies of value and growth investing. The name really says it all, GARP investors look for a stock with growth potential, but only if it is reasonably priced. An aggressively managed portfolio taking positions on safe and speculative opportunities. Most hedge funds are limited to a maximum of 100 investors. For the most part, hedge funds are unregulated because it is assumed the people investing in these are very sophisticated and wealthy. The feeling or tone of a market. It is shown by the activity and price movement of the securities.

以合理价格增长

对冲基金

Hedge Fund

市场情绪

Market Sentiment

市场增值

Market Value Added The difference between the market value of a (MVA) company (both equity and debt) and the capital contributed by investors. Hedge Making an investment to reduce the risk of adverse price movements in an asset. Normally, a hedge consists of protecting a position in a related security. 1. Typically refers to the equity market where stocks are traded, but can also refer to the bond, options, or commodity market. 2. People with the desire and ability to buy a specific product. A situation in an exchange market where all brokers bidding for the same security have equal standing due to identical bids.

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