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高盛财经汉英词典(下)doc149-9


对冲

市场

Market

平价

Parity

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半年 申报不足 Semi-annual Under Reporting An event that occurs twice in a calendar year. An illegal practice where a person under states their taxable income. A figure used when reporting the historical return of a mutual fund. The AAR is stated after expenses have been tallied, including administration fees, 12b-1 fees, and others. The average increase in the value of a portfolio over the period of a year. Sometimes used in determining a bond's yield to maturity. A bond's average price is calculated by adding its face value to the price paid for it and dividing the sum by two. Average price is also sometimes known as Net Asset Value (NAV) for mutual funds. A type of option where the payoff is either zero or the amount by which the strike price exceeds the average price of the asset. A type of option where the payoff is either zero or the amount by which the average price of the asset exceeds the strike. The value of an asset or cash at a specified date in the future that is equivalent in value to a specified sum today. There are two ways to calculate FV: 1) For an asset with simple annual interest: = Original Investment x (1+(interest rate*number of years)) 2) For an asset with interest compounded annually: = Original Investment x ((1+interest rate)^number of years) Any method of depreciation used for accounting or income tax purposes that allows greater deductions in the earlier years of the life of an asset. An estimate of the number of terms to maturity, taking the possibility of early payments into account. Average life is calculated using the weighted average time to the receipt of all future cash flows.

平均年度回报率

Average Annual Return

平均年度增长率

Average Annual Growth Rate Average Price

平均价格

平均价格出售期权

Average Price Put

平均价格买入期权权

Average Price Call

未来价值

Future Value

加快折旧

Accelerated Depreciation

平均时期

Average Life

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平均值 Mean The simple mathematical average of a two or more numbers. An ad-valorem or flat rate charged upon certain documents. A company that makes a friendly takeover offer for the control of a target company that is being faced with a hostile takeover from a separate party. A bond issue with a maturity that can be extended to a longer period at the option of the issuer. The date established by an issuer of a security for the purpose of determining the holders who are entitled to receive a dividend or distribution 1. For a call, when an option's strike price is higher than the market price of the underlying stock. 2. For a put, when the strike price is below the market price of the underlying stock. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The amount borrowed or the amount still owed on a loan, separate from interest. The original amount invested, separate from earnings. The face value of a bond. The owner of a private company. The main party to a transaction, acting as either a buyer or seller for his/her own account and risk.

印花税

Stamp Duty

白武士

White Knight

可延长债券

Extendable Bond

记录日

Record Date

未到价

Out of the Money

本金、[企业]主要负责 Principal 人、[交易]当事人

可变成本

Variable Cost

A cost that changes in proportion to a change in a company's activity or business. An investment instrument that represents ownership of an undivided interest in a group of mortgages. Principal and interest from the individual mortgages are used to pay principal and interest on the MBS. A bond that allows the holder to force the issuer to repurchase the security at specified dates before maturity. The repurchase price is set at the time of issue, and is usually par value. A life insurance contract that provides financial

以房地产抵押作担保 的证券

Mortgage Backed Securities

可卖回债券

Put Bond

可变寿险保单

Variable Life

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Insurance Policy compensation to the named beneficiaries in the event of the insured's death. The insurance company guarantees payment of a minimum amount plus an additional sum according to the performance of a separate account, usually invested in equities or other relatively high-yielding securities.

未实现收入

Unearned Revenue When an individual or company receives money for a service or product that has yet to be fulfilled. Unrealized Gain A profit that results from holding on to an asset rather than cashing it in and using the funds The process of trading goods and services without the use of money. Classical Economics refers to work done by a group of economists in the 18th and 19th centuries. They developed theories about the way markets and market economies work. The study was primarily concerned with the dynamics of economic growth. It stressed economic freedom and promoted ideas such as laissez-faire and free competition. A loss that results from holding on to an asset rather than cashing it in and officially taking the loss. An investment abroad, usually where the company being invested in is controlled by the foreign corporation. Any type of debenture that can be converted into some other security. Preferred stock that can be converted into common stock at the option of the holder. A short-term debt security (note), that can be changed into common stock (convertible) and ranks below other loans (subordinate). Securities, usually bonds or preferred shares, that can be converted into common stock. ? bond that can be converted into a predetermined amount of the company's equity at certain times during its life. Convertibles are sometimes called CVs.

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