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大学商务英语二 unit6资料61

Unit 6 New Words 认知词汇 Outsource (L14) If a company outsources, it pays to have part of itswork done by another company 外包;(将…)交外办理

Unions are fighting a plan by universities to outsource all non-academic services.

Some companies outsource to cheaperlocations to cutcosts.
有的公司为了降低成本把工作外包给劳动力廉价的地 区。 outsourcing noun[U]

The managementguaranteed that outsourcing wouldn't meanjoblosses.
管理层保证外包并不意味着要裁员。 consolidation (L.15)1) to become, or cause something to become, stronger and more certain (使)巩固;(使)加强

The success of theirmajorproduct consolidated the firm's position in the market.
公司主打产品取得的成功巩固了该公司在市场上的地 位。

She hoped that marriage would consolidate


The party consolidated itshold on power during itsterm of office.

The company has been expandingrapidly and I feel it's now time to consolidate (= stopgrowing and make ourpresentpositionstronger).
公司一直在快速扩展,我觉得该是巩固的时候了。 2) tocombine several things, especiallybusinesses, so that they become more effective, or to be combined in this way (尤指企业)合并,联合

The two firms consolidated to form a singlecompany.

adjective consolidatedtrading/accounts
consolidated 合并贸易/账户 consolidation noun[C or U]

The company is entering a period of consolidation (= becomingbetter and stronger at what it does).

We have seen a similar consolidation (= joining together) of booksellers and distributors.

我们已碰到过类似的图书零售商和发行商合并的情 况。

just-in-time delivery(L.15) A just-in-time system of manufacturing (= producinggoods) is based on preventingwaste by producing only the amount of goodsneeded at a particulartime, and not paying to produce and store more goods than are needed. 按需生产的 just-in-time delivery 零库存发货 cashflow (L.46) the amount of moneymoving into and out of a business 现金流转;资金流转 strong/improved cashflow 强劲的/状况转好的现金流转 Small traders often have short-term cash-flow problems. 小商贩们常常会遇到短期现金周转问题。 Business continuity planning (BCP) (L51)业 务连贯性的规划 Business continuity planning (BCP, also called businesscontinuity and resiliency planningBCRP) identifies an organization's exposure to internal and external threats and synthesizes hard and soft assets to provide effective prevention and

recovery for the organization, while maintaining competitive advantage and value system integrity —Elliot et al. 1999 A business continuity plan is a plan to continue operations if a place of business is affected by different levels of disaster which can be localized short term disasters, to days long building wide problems, to a permanent loss of a building. Such a plan typically explains how the business would recover its operations or move operations to another location after damage by events like natural disasters, theft, or flooding. For example, if a fire destroys an office building or data center, the people and business or data center operations would relocate to a recovery site. Any event that could negatively impact operations is included in the plan, such as supply chain interruption, loss of or damage to critical infrastructure (major machinery or computing /network resource). As such, risk management must be incorporated as part of BCP.In the US, government entities refer to the process as continuity of operations planning (COOP). operational risk(L.86) A form of risk that summarizes the risks a company or firm undertakes when it attempts to operate within a given field or industry. Operational risk is the risk that is not inherent in financial, systematic or market-wide risk. It is the risk

remaining after determining financing and systematic risk, and includes risks resulting from breakdowns in internal procedures, people and systems. 运营风险 strategic risk(L.86)战略风险管理(Strategicrisk management)
对战略风险概念的定义目前学术界尚存在着分歧, 但基本上都没有脱离战 略风险字面的基本涵义。风险的基本定义是损失的不确定性,战略风

险就可理解为企业整体损失的不确定性。战略风险是影响整个企业 的发展方向、企业文化、信息和生存能力或企业效益的因素。战略 风险因素也就是对企业发展战略目标、资源、竞争力或核心竞争 力、企业效益产生重要影响的因素。

turnover 1(L.99)1) the rate at which employeesleave a company and are replaced by new people 员工更替率;人员调整率

The largenumber of temporarycontractsresulted in a high turnover of staff.
临时合同多,人员变更率就很高。 US They've had a lot of turnover at the


最近他们工厂人员变动很大。 2)theamount of business that a company does in a period of time (一定时期内的)营业额,成交量 Large supermarkets have high turnovers (= theirgoodssell very quickly). 大型超市的货品销售量很大。 The business has an annual turnover of ?50 000. 这家公司的年营业额达 5 万英镑。

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